Industry 4.0 was first mentioned in 2011 in Germany as a proposal for the development of a new concept of German economic policy based on high-tech strategies. The concept has launched the fourth technological revolution, which is based on the concepts and technologies that include cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things (IoT), and the Internet of services.
Smart factories, which will be at the heart of Industry 4.0, will take on board information and communication technology for an evolution in the supply chain and production line that brings a much higher level of both automation and digitisation.
It means machines using self-optimisation, self-configuration and even artificial intelligence to complete complex tasks in order to deliver vastly superior cost efficiencies and better quality goods or services.
Why is it 4.0?
The first industrial revolution was the one that kicked it all off by moving from farming to factory production in the 19th Century. The second one ran from around the 1850s to World War I and began with the introduction of steel, culminating in the early electrification of factories and the first spouts of mass production. The third industrial revolution that refers to the change from analogue, mechanical, and electronic technology to digital technology that took place from the late 1950s to the late 1970s.
The fourth, then, is the move towards digitisation and involves three key parts, First is the Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems such as sensors having the ability to collect data that can be used by manufacturers and producers. Second, the advancements in big data and powerful analytics means that systems can trawl through the huge sets of data and produce insights that can be acted upon quickly. Third, the communications infrastructure backing this up is secure enough to be used by heavy industries.
1.Digitization of production—information systems for management and production planning;
2.Automation—systems for data acquisition from the production lines and using machines;
3.Linking manufacturing sites in a comprehensive supply chain—Automatic Data Interchange.